Treatment of Legionnaires Disease | Viral Diseases

Treatment of Legionnaires Disease

Legionnaires’ disease is always treated with antibiotics. Treatment is usually started as soon as the disease is suspected, without waiting for confirmation. The antibiotics are often used to treat legionnaires. Sometimes a combination of antibiotics is used, especially if it is not yet certain whether the infection is due to legionella or to other germs (bacteria). Treatment with antibiotics lasts from a week to three weeks.


There are three major classes of antibiotics that are effective in treating legionellosis. These include

the fluoroquinolones such as levofloxacin (Levaquin), and moxifloxacin (Avelox).
the macrolides such as erythromycin, azithromyocin (Zithromax), and clarithromycin (Biaxin).
the tetracyclines including doxycycline (Vibramycin).
A new class of antibiotics (glycylcyclines) are also effective.

In severe cases of Legionnaires’ disease that seem more resistant to a single antibiotic, a second drug called rifampin (Rifadin) may be added. The choice of antibiotic is often dependent on the patient’s clinical state. Zithromax and Levaquin are particularly effective because of decreased gastrointestinal irritation, higher potency, better penetration into tissue, and once-daily dosing.

Oxygen is commonly given. This is because pneumonia inflames the lungs and makes them work less well. This can cause oxygen levels to drop. Breathing in extra oxygen makes it easier for the lungs to do their job. If you are very unwell, especially with a breathing problem such as lung infection (pneumonia), you are likely to be unable to drink enough fluids.

Intensive care with supportive treatments, such as assisted ventilation, may be needed if the pneumonia is severe.
Many people completely recover with treatment, but most will need care in the hospital. Elderly people and those with other health conditions are particularly vulnerable to the effects of Legionnaires’ disease. They may also be given fluids and electrolytes through a vein in their arm to prevent dehydration.

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What is polycythemia vera?

This video features Dr. Ruben Mesa providing an overview of polycythemia vera, a rare blood cancer.
For more information, please visit http://www.novartis.com.

© 2016 Novartis AG


Arthritis in the German Shepherd

http://www.total-german-shepherd.com Arthritis in the German Shepherd affects millions of dogs worldwide. Medical management of arthritis in the GSD may require a combination of methods. Learn more now.

Arthritis in the GSD affects millions of dogs worldwide. Many German Shepherds develop some form of joint disease during their lives. It might be mild, or even unnoticeable to the dogs owner. Or, at the other extreme, it could be debilitating to your pet, even severely affecting the dog’s quality of life. Possibly even causing complete lameness.

The majority of dog arthritis cases seem to fall somewhere in between the two extremes.

Medical management of arthritis in the GSD is indicated for both young and for older dogs. Due to the high cost involved with many types of surgeries, medical management is oftentimes the only realistic option for many pet owners.

For most GSD’s, a veterinarian will begin with the first recommendations and work their way down as needed to control the pain and inflammation associated with degenerative joint disease.

Management of arthritis in the GSD may require any combination of the following: weight management, exercise, warmth and good sleeping areas, massage and physical therapy, making daily activities less painful, anti-inflammatory drugs, and supplements. There are other alternatives as well, such as: Glucosamine and Chondroitin, Adequan injections, Rimadyl, Buffered Aspirin, Corticosteroids, vitamin C and surgery.


Ankylosing Spondylitis and Humira VLOG#1

Two weeks into Humira, I reflect on my experience with Humira, as well as loose details on what I was going through before being diagnosed with Ankylosing Spondylitis.

Not edited, and I’m new to VLOGging, so bear with me, I’m aware that I was watching myself on the flip out screen of my Canon 80D, I will try to work on that.


Result of 1 month of our Treatment of 10yrs Severe #Ankylosing Spondylosis

Severe #Ankylosing #Spindylosis #ossification from D10 to Tail bone , #Full ossification Lumber #Cervical Severe Size internal compromised +91 9869036813///09820685280..For Case Review /Treatment .REACH TOGETHER ADD COUNT…Wellness to Humanity.


Exercises for Ankylosing Spondylitis تمارين للظهر


Mayo Clinic News Network Headline 4/3/15

Hi I’m Vivien Williams with a Mayo Clinic News Network Headline.
This winter has been a long one for many of us, in North America. So it’s not surprising people from the cold climates are ready to head to warmer temperatures this Spring. Now, we all know it’s important to wear sunscreen to prevent sunburn, which is linked to skin cancer. But Mayo Clinic dermatologist Dr. Dawn Davis says there are other issues that can happen you might not know about.
“The sun is an immune system stimulant. It is technically toxic to the skin and irritates the skin.”
It can trigger what’s called polymorphic light eruption, which can cause a nasty rash. It’s like an allergic reaction. Also, sun can interact with stuff on your skin, such as perfume or spilled citrus juice and cause what looks like a burn or sting.
“Phytophoto dermatitis which is a chemical toxic reaction to the skin which gives your skin a chemical burn.”
Ouch. So be careful, because the sun can cause more trouble than just sunburn.

With today’s Mayo Clinic News Network Headline, I’m Vivien Williams.




Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license.

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Restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) is a form of cardiomyopathy in which the walls are rigid, and the heart is restricted from stretching and filling with blood properly. It is the least common of John Forrest Goodwin’s three original subtypes of cardiomyopathy, which includes hypertrophic and dilated as well as restrictive.

It should not be confused with constrictive pericarditis, a disease which presents similarly but is very different in treatment and prognosis.

Rhythmicity and contractility of the heart may be normal, but the stiff walls of the heart chambers (atria and ventricles) keep them from adequately filling, reducing preload and end-diastolic volume.

Thus, blood flow is reduced, and blood volume that would normally enter the heart is backed up in the circulatory system. In time, restrictive cardiomyopathy patients develop diastolic dysfunction and eventually heart failure.

Untreated hearts with RCM often develop the following characteristics: Biatrial enlargement, thickened LV walls (with normal chamber size), thickened RV free wall (with normal chamber size), elevated right atrial pressure (12mmHg), moderate pulmonary hypertension, normal systolic function, poor diastolic function, typically Grade III – IV Diastolic heart failure.

Treatment of restrictive cardiomyopathy should focus on management of causative conditions (for example, using corticosteroids if the cause is sarcoidosis), and slowing the progression of cardiomyopathy. Diuretics, vasodilators, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, and anticoagulation may be indicated for managing restrictive cardiomyopathy.

Calcium channel blockers are generally contraindicated due to their negative inotropic effect, particularly in cardiomyopathy caused by amyloidosis. Digoxin, calcium channel blocking drugs and beta-adrenergic blocking agents provide little benefit, except in the subgroup of restrictive cardiomyopathy with atrial fibrillation.

Heart failure resulting from restrictive cardiomyopathy will usually eventually have to be treated by cardiac transplantation or left ventricular assist device.


Alzheimer’s Caregivers – What You Need To Know

See much more honest health information at: http://www.rehealthify.com/

Rehealthify offers reliable, up-to-date health information, anytime, anywhere, for free.

— video script below —
Caring for someone who has Alzheimer’s disease (AD) can be stressful and overwhelming. It’s important to take care of yourself. Ask for and accept help.
Talk to the doctor. Find out what treatments might help control symptoms or address behavior problems. Find a support group. Others who have “been there” may be able to help and will understand.
If there are times of day that the person is less confused or more cooperative, take advantage of that in daily routines. Consider using adult day care or respite services. These offer a break with the peace of mind that the patient is being taken care of. Begin to plan for the future. This may include
• Getting financial and legal documents in order
• Looking into assisted living or nursing homes
• Finding out what your health insurance and Medicare will cover
NIH: National Institute on Aging


Runners Science-Mayo Clinic

Running a marathon can be a grueling effort, even for well-trained athletes. Runners can suffer electrolyte imbalances and even kidney problems. An important factor in all this is hydration. But how much and what should runners drink? Those are questions doctors at Mayo Clinic want to answer. They’re studying the effects running has on the human body in hopes of being able to tell runners and other endurance athletes how best to prepare for an event.