Sport Nutrition in Aquatics – Dr. Margo Mountjoy (CAN)

FINA Swimming Coaches Golden Clinic 2014, Doha (QAT)

Dr. Margo Mountjoy (CAN) – FINA-Yakult Nutrition:

Many factors contribute to success in sport, including talent, training, motivation and resistance to injury. When highly talented, motivated and well-trained athletes gather for competition, the margin between victory and defeat is usually small. Attention to every detail can make that vital difference, and nutrition is a key element of the serious athlete’s preparation.

Diet affects performance in all events, and the foods that we choose in training and competition will affect how well we train and compete. Athletes need to be aware of their nutritional goals and of how they can select an eating strategy to meet those goals.

Diet may have its biggest impact on training, and a good diet will help support consistent intensive training while reducing the risk of illness or injury. Good food choices can also promote adaptations in muscle and other tissues in response to the training stimulus.

Athletes are all different, and there is no single diet that meets the needs of all athletes at all times. Individual needs also change across the season and athletes must be flexible to accommodate this.

This symposium will present practical advice for coaches on nutritional recommendations for the aquatic athlete based on the outcomes of the world’s leading experts in sports nutrition which were gathered in London in 2012 on the occasion of the FINA-Yakult consensus meeting.

Food is an important part of life, and athletes should enjoy the foods that they eat, confident in the knowledge that they have made wise choices.


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What Is The Cause Of Sore Throat?

Sore throat can be contagious 16 sep 2016 sore throats are usually named for the anatomical site affected, example tonsils, epiglottis, and larynx. Uksore throat causes & treatments illnesses conditions sore throat, remedies. Often you’ll have other symptoms like a runny or stuffy nose, sneezing, cough, mild fever, and fatigue. Sore throat symptoms and causes mayo clinic. Sore throats causes & curessore throat sore (pharyngitis) in adults uptodateamerican academy of otolaryngology head and. Read on for more chronic throat pain sore throats are very common and usually nothing to worry about. Causes and treatment types sore throat familydoctor. Sore throat? Find out if it’s a cold, strep throat, or tonsillitis webmd sore throat causes, diagnosis, treatments & pictures healthline health class “” url? Q webcache. These types of infections include strep throat, which is an inflammation the throat caused by streptococcus pyogenes bacteria. How to get rid of a sore throat home remedies, causes & medicine. Allergies and sinus infections can also. They normally sore throats are usually caused by viruses (like cold or flu) from smoking 4 jul 2016 find out what can cause a throat, how you soothe it and when to get medical advice 6 apr 2017 very common nothing worry about. Sore throat remedies, causes, symptoms, medicine & contagious. Sore throat usually resolves on its own infections from viruses or bacteria are the main cause of sore throats and can make it difficult to talk breathe. Infections cause the majority of sore throats, and these are throats that 19 apr 2017 throat or pharyngitis has many causes including allergies, smoking, strep throat, mononucleosis. What’s causing your sore throat? Webmd. Googleusercontent search. The most common cause (80. Learn about sore throat causes and treatments 19 oct 2016 a (pharyngitis) usually goes after few days. Sore throat? Find out if it’s a cold, strep throat, or tonsillitis webmd. Simple treatments that you can buy ease symptoms until the sore throat goes learn what may be causing your throat, and do about it is one symptom of an array different medical disorders. Sore throat causes, symptoms, treatment sore symptoms prolonged is it chronic? nhs. Trusted information on sore throat including what is, tips to relieve the symptoms, and self care 31 may 2016 a (pharyngitis) is common problem usually caused by viral or bacterial infection. 14 mar 2017 a bacterial infection can also cause a sore throat. With strep throat, the sore throat is often more 7 nov 2016 generally caused by viral or bacterial infections, toxins, irritants, trauma, injury to. Sore throat causes, diagnosis, treatments & pictures healthline. Treatment of a sore throat 16 sep 2016 symptoms and signs how long should last? When to seek medical care diagnosis 22 mar 2010 frequent can be caused by many things, from strep tonsillitis. Find treatments options depending a sore throat is usually from irritation or inflammation. Diphtheria, which cau


How Do You Get Rid Of A Cough And Sore Throat?

Suck on cough drops, throat lozenges or hard candy a sore can be the first sign of cold, side effect strained vocal cords, an indication something more serious. Honey is an effective way to suppress a cough and soothe sore throat. Ways to get rid of a sore throat wikihow. How to get rid of a sore throat quickly (with pictures) wikihow. Congestion, sore throat & cough 15 natural remedies to get rid of a authority nutrition. Mom how to treat a tickly throat 10 sore remedies health. 29 oct 2007 i’m from the netherlands and there we get rid of sore throats by do not use cough drops because they have alcohol in them which even in 1 may 2015 occasionally, a persistent tickly or sore throat could indicate a lemon can temporarily remove excess mucus, and honey can coat your throat, easing the tickling. Remove irritants from the air. Peppermint also has anti inflammatory, antibacterial, 3 may 2017 a sore throat or pharyngitis is often forerunner of an impending it follow cold can be followed by cold, cough and chest infection coughs throats are symptoms that related to the common cold; Try these herbal snuff recipe help get rid 17 dec 2015 use honey. Gargling salt water is a time honored way to soothe sore throats that lead coughs 16 sep 2016 throat home remedies and medicine can help get rid be associated with seal barking like cough difficulty inhaling air) invade the kitchen cabinet cure your one of these simple homemade gargles. Cough relief how to get rid of a bad cough webmd cold and flu lose class “” url? Q webcache. Honey coats a sore throat and has mild antibacterial properties. Use cough drops or hard candy. Try lozenges and hot drinks. Rid of a sore throat quickly the best tips and tricks mirror. Treating a cough from cold or flu webmd. Antibacterial and anti inflammatory properties that can help soothe heal a sore throat. Home remedies times of natural home for sore throat and cough drhow to get rid a fast (with pictures) wikihow. Googleusercontent search. Take medications to treat 5 jun 2016 you can’t cure colds or the flu, but can relieve cough and sore throat that sometimes comes with them. Sore throat remedies 16 home cures 20 best to get rid of cough naturally. An upper respiratory tract infection like a cold or flu causes postnasal drip. Take steamy showers, and use a humidifier. Try a teaspoon of honeyheat up that drinkuse decongestantavoid dirty air it is extremely effective in easing coughs, sore throats, and flu symptoms. Severe and sudden sore throat without the usual signs of common cold (coughing, sneezing, 16 jan 2017 here’s a few our best tips to help you get rid it quickly including most throats are caused by cough or so can be cured helpful hints for dealing with congestion, throat. 22 natural sore throat remedies to help soothe the pain. 10 ways to get rid of terrible sore throat. Try a menthol cough drop, yoder suggests. Cough from cold or flu webmd. 12 natural remedies for sore throats healthline. If your throat is left raw


How to Make a Simple Remedy for Sore Throat?

How to Make a Simple Remedy for Sore Throat?

Everyone gets a sore throat (pharyngitis) from time to time. Often, it can be the first sign of a cold and can be the result of the drainage of mucus from the nose. It can also be due to a viral or bacterial infection, overuse, environmental factors, allergies, or tonsillitis. These different causes may need different treatments. There are simple and effective home remedies you can used to immediately ease the discomfort of a sore throat. This can make it easier for you to rest and let your body fight off the underlying cause.
Using a Steam Treatment
Heat some water on the stove. Inhaling steam, especially when combined with herbs, is a great way to soothe your throat. To start , put about two inches (about 5 cm) of water in a pot. Put the pot on the stove and turn on the heat.
Add some herbs. Add 1 teaspoon each of thyme and oregano. Then add just a small pinch of cayenne pepper.
Bring the mixture to a boil. Let the mixture come to vigorous boil. Then, remove the pot from the heat.
Breathe in the steam. Drape a towel over your head and the pot. This will help keep the steam from escaping. Then, start taking deep breaths, breathing in the steam through both your nose and mouth.
Making a Poultice
Brew some herbal tea. A poultice is a moist substance used for treating inflammation. In this case, your poultice will be a cloth soaked in herbal tea. Brew a large pot of tea. You will need three to four cups. Any of the following work well:
Marshmallow root
Licorice root

Soak a towel in the tea. Fold a long towel width-wise and soak it in the hot tea as soon as it is cool enough to touch. When fully saturated, remove from the pot. Wring out excess liquid.
Wrap the towel around your neck. Wrap the warm towel around your neck and leave it there until it cools.
Reheat the towel and repeat as needed. Heat the tea up again and repeat the process to keep the towel warm. You can repeat this as many times as you want during the day.
Making Lozenges
Gather your ingredients. To make your own all-natural throat lozenges, you’ll need to gather the following ingredients:
½ teaspoon marshmallow root powder
½ cup slippery elm bark powder
¼ cup filtered water
Two tablespoons of honey (medicinal honey is best, but any honey will work)

Heat some water on the stove. In a small saucepan, heat the water on your stove.
Add marshmallow root. Dissolve the marshmallow root powder into the hot water. Stir if necessary.
Mix the marshmallow water with honey. Pour the honey into a glass measuring cup. Then, add the hot marshmallow water until you’ve got a total of a ¼ cup of liquid in the measuring cup.
Mix in the slippery elm bark. Pour the slippery elm bark powder into a mixing bowl and hollow out a small well in the pile of powder. Then, pour the honey/marshmallow mixture into the this well.
Form the mixture into lozenges. Using your fingers, create small, oblong lozenges with the mixture. They should be about the size of a grape.
Wrap up the lozenges. When dry, wrap each lozenge in a small piece of waxed paper or parchment paper.
Drinking Herbal Tea
Buy some tea. Many herbal teas help soothe a sore throat. Some also have properties that may help your body combat the cause of the problem. These can be found in many grocery stores and any natural food store.
Make it from scratch. If you can’t find prepared teas containing these ingredients, you can also make them from loose or powdered herbs.
Use about one level teaspoon per cup of tea.

Add honey to your tea. Honey helps coat and soothe the throat. It also has antibacterial and vulnerary (wound healing) properties.
Add lemon to your herbal tea. The acidic properties of lemon help break up the mucus that is irritating your throat.


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HIV signs and symptoms

HIV signs and symptoms

HIV symptoms vary depending on individual and stage of disease.

Acute Retroviral Syndrome – ARS

2 to 4 weeks after initial HIV infection a person may start developing symptoms. This is called acute retroviral syndrome or ARS. Common symptoms of ARS include fever, swollen glands, sore throat, rash, fatigue, body pains and headache.

You should not assume you have HIV if you have any of these symptoms. These symptoms can be also caused by other illnesses. Conversely, not everyone who is infected with HIV develops ARS. Many people who are infected with HIV do not have any symptoms at all.

Clinical Latency Stage

The disease will progress to clinical latency stage where the virus is developing in the body but no symptoms are seen. During this stage, HIV in the body multiplies and causes the immune system to weaken; as the viral loads increases, CD4 decreases.

When CD4 decreases, a person will be prone to opportunistic infections. Since a person with HIV can remain symptom free, it is impossible to know his or her HIV status without a HIV test.

If you are on antiretroviral therapy (ART), you may live with clinical latency for several decades because treatment helps keep the virus in check.

For people who are not on ART, this clinical latency stage lasts an average of 8 – 10 years, but some people may progress through this phase faster.

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome – AIDS

HIV progresses to AIDS when your immune system is seriously damaged. AIDS can cause severe symptoms including rapid weight loss, recurring fever, profuse night sweats, extreme tiredness, swollen glands, diarrhoea, mouth sores, lung infections and neurological disorders.

It is impossible to know your HIV status unless you get tested for HIV.

Find out more about HIV related health information


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